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COP 15 Biodiversity in Canada: towards the adoption of a new global framework for biodiversity ?


The 15th Conference of the Parties (COP 15) of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)  is an international meeting that gathers governments from all over the world. The conference is held from 7 to 19 December 2022, in Montreal,  Quebec, the headquarters of the secretariat of the UN CDB.

The COP 15 was focused on the protection of nature and the means for ending the loss of biodiversity everywhere in the world. This COP will validate the next global framework of biodiversity for the decade 2020-2030.

The COP15 is a fundamental meeting, since the crisis of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystems have direct impacts on our societies, climate change, water quality and territorial resilience. It was also held after the cycle of negotiations begun in 2010 (Aichi convention), which set out a strategy for the period 2010-2020. The new negotiations should result in a framework agreement aimed at guiding international action, rather in the image of the Paris Agreement on the Climate signed in 2015.

The major challenges for the COP are the following:

  • an ambitious goal for establishing protected areas: 30% of land and sea (programme 30/30);
  • an internal funding plan: as with the climate, funding is an essential challenge in the combat against the crisis of biodiversity and an issue that divides rich and poor countries. Indeed, most natural areas rich in biodiversity (sometimes known as hotspots) are located in poor or developing countries, whereas most rich countries have to a great extent deteriorated their biodiversity and local ecosystems. Some countries militate for the adoption of a specific fund, fuelled by up to 100 billion dollars a year, and up to 700 billion dollars in 2030.
  • The end of subsidies allocated to products noxious for biodiversity: the preliminary discussions held in Geneva in 2021 called for the reduction of subsidies amounting to 500 billion dollars a year for noxious products such as pesticides and fossil fuels at the international level. As for non-governmental associations, they recommend the abandonment of subsidies for these products.
  • The management of digital sequence information (DSI): Digital sequence information designates questions linked to the DNA sequencing of living organisms and its possible supervision.

Find the programme of the event

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